The Spanish arrived in Jamaica in 1494 with Christopher Columbus during his second voyage to the Americas.
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The Spanish arrived in Jamaica on May 5, 1494, during Christopher Columbus’ second voyage to the Americas. The island had already been settled by the indigenous Taino people, who called it “Xaymaca,” meaning “land of wood and water.”
Upon their arrival, the Spanish claimed Jamaica for Spain and began establishing settlements, including the first Spanish capital of Sevilla la Nueva. They brought with them cattle, pigs, horses, and other livestock, as well as sugar cane and other crops. The Spanish also brought African slaves to Jamaica, which would eventually lead to the development of the island’s plantation economy.
Despite their early dominance, the Spanish were eventually driven out by the English in the mid-17th century. Jamaica became a British colony, and the English brought with them their own cultural influences, including the development of the English language and the creation of a strong African diaspora culture.
One interesting fact is that the Spanish also introduced the concept of “ranching” to Jamaica, laying the groundwork for its eventual development into a major producer of beef. Additionally, the Spanish left behind a rich legacy of architecture, including the Spanish Town Cathedral, which was built in the early 16th century and still stands today.
As historian C. L. R. James once said, “Jamaica is not a mere Caribbean island but an imperial outpost of Europe in the West Indies, the first in point of time, the most complete in its character, and the most significant in its effects.”
|1494||Spanish arrive in Jamaica with Columbus|
|Mid-16th century||Construction of the Spanish Town Cathedral|
|Late 16th century||Introduction of cattle ranching to Jamaica|
|Mid-17th century||English drive out the Spanish|
|1655||Jamaica becomes a British colony|
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The Spanish arrived in the Caribbean in search of resources like spices and precious metals, with Christopher Columbus leading the way. They set up large plantations on the islands and enslaved the indigenous Tainos to work on them, killing them for sport and seeing them as less than human. The Taino population was almost wiped out in Jamaica and reduced significantly in the rest of the Caribbean. When the Spanish government became aware of the destruction, they ordered the Europeans to stop forcing Amerindians to work. As they could not enslave the indigenous people, they began to bring in Africans to work.
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May 3, 1494Jamaica. On May 3, 1494, Christopher Columbus sighted the island of Jamaica. Spanish colonists settled the island fifteen years later, and it fell into British hands in 1655. Although the Spanish introduced slavery to Jamaica, the British oversaw its development.
The Spanish colonized Jamaica in 1494 when Christopher Columbus claimed the island in the name of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. However, the first Spanish settlers did not arrive in Jamaica until 1508, two years after Columbus’ death. Jamaica remained a Spanish colony for 161 years until 1655.
Spanish place names, and distortions of some of those Spanish place names, are the principal reminder that Jamaica was a Spanish colony for 161 years, between 1494 when Columbus claimed the island in the name of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, and 1655
It was not until 1508, two years after the death of Christopher Columbus, that the first Spanish settlers arrived in Jamaica.
In 1655, the English invaded Jamaica, and defeated the Spanish. Some African enslaved people took advantage of the political turmoil and escaped to the island’s interior mountains, forming independent communities which became known as the Maroons. 
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Why did the Spanish come to Jamaica? Most Spaniards arrived on the island for gold and silver but due to its absence in Jamaica, they generally neglected the island, being based only on the coastal plains, mainly in the northern part of the island. So, Jamaica became a center mainly for supply and rest.
Also to know is, How long did the Spanish rule Jamaica?
In reply to that: The Spanish period (1494–1655)
Christopher Columbus is believed to be the first European to reach Jamaica. He landed on the island on 5 May 1494, during his second voyage to the Americas. Columbus returned to Jamaica during his fourth voyage to the Americas.
Keeping this in consideration, Who came before the Spaniards to Jamaica?
Jamaica’s first people were the Taínos, who came to the island from the northern coast of South America and settled in Jamaica around 600 AD. They spoke a dialect of Arawakan and named the island, "Xaymaca", meaning “land of wood and water”.
What was Spanish Jamaica called? Answer to this: Although the Taino referred to the island as "Xaymaca," the Spanish gradually changed the name to "Jamaica." In the so-called Admiral’s map of 1507 the island was labeled as "Jamaiqua" and in Peter Martyr’s work "Decades" of 1511, he referred to it as both "Jamaica" and "Jamica."
Why did the Spanish settle in Jamaica? Jamaica served mainly as a supply base: food, men, arms and horse were shipped here to help in conquering the American mainland. Fifteen years later in 1509, after their first visit to the island, the first Spanish colonists came here under the Spanish governor Juan de Esquivel. They first settled in the St. Ann’s Bay area.
Also Know, What is the history of Jamaica?
Response to this: For treatments of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America. The first inhabitants of Jamaica probably came from islands to the east in two waves of migration. About 600 ce the culture known as the “Redware people” arrived; little is known of them, however, beyond the red pottery they left.
Furthermore, When did Christopher Columbus come to Jamaica?
Response will be: It was the Tainos who met Christopher Columbus when he arrived on Jamaica’s shores in 1494. Spanish settlements flourished until the 1600s, During the 1650s the Spanish lost Jamaica to the British, who established large and lucrative sugar plantations. In 1694, Jamaica came under attack by the French, led by Admiral Du Casse.
In this regard, Why did the Irish migrate to Jamaica? Answer: The majority of Irish were transported by force as political prisoners of war from Ireland. Migration of large numbers of Irish to the island continued into the 18th century. When the English captured Jamaica in 1655, most Spanish colonists fled, with the exception of Spanish Jews, who chose to remain in the island.
Also Know, When did the Spanish settle in Jamaica? As an answer to this: Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The Spanish settlement in Jamaica was a settlement that originated from the 16th century, when Jamaica was Spanish, ending essentially in 1655, the date on which Spain delivered the island to the British Crown under the Treaty of Madrid.
Simply so, Who were the first Jamaicans? The first Jamaicans were the Taino Indians who settled in Jamaica around 600 AD. They were stone–age peoples who had migrated to Jamaica from the northern coast of South America.
When did Jamaica become the capital of Jamaica?
Response will be: Kingston eventually became Jamaica’s capital in 1872. During the upheaval caused by the transition from Spanish to English rule in 1655, many of the West African slaves formerly owned by the Spanish escaped into Jamaica’s hilly interior and pioneered the resistance to slavery that would continue in Jamaica for most of the ensuing 200 years.
In this manner, When did Jamaica become a British colony? The British government was already a sign of sovereignty, but Spain did not recognize Jamaica as a British colony until 1670. Furthermore, in 1660, as in other Spanish colonies, Jamaica became a refuge for Jews, also attracting those who had been expelled from Spain and Portugal.