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In 711, Spain was called ‘Al-Andalus’. This was the name given to the area by the Muslim conquerors who invaded Spain at the time. The Moors established a powerful dynasty in Al-Andalus that would endure for over 700 years. The capital of Al-Andalus was Cordoba, which was one of the most advanced cities in the world at the time.
A quote from historian Edward Gibbon describes the importance of Al-Andalus during this period, “The visible majesty of Alhambra, overlooking the wide and fruitful vale of Granada, may furnish a more adequate representation of the industry and elegance of a polished people, and of the science and arts which had flourished in the Spanish Caliphate, than the vague and loquacious praises of the Latin poets or the obscure hints of the national chronicles.”
Some interesting facts about Al-Andalus include:
- Al-Andalus was named after the Vandals, a Germanic tribe that conquered the area in the 5th century.
- The Moors who conquered Al-Andalus were predominantly Berbers from North Africa.
- The Umayyad Caliphate, which ruled over Al-Andalus, was responsible for many architectural and artistic achievements, including the Great Mosque of Cordoba.
- Al-Andalus was a center of learning during the Middle Ages, with scholars translating works from Greek, Latin, Arabic, and Hebrew into Spanish and other languages.
- The Reconquista, a centuries-long period of Christian conquest and reconquest, ultimately led to the end of Muslim rule in Al-Andalus in 1492.
Here is a table summarizing some key facts about Al-Andalus:
| Name | Al-Andalus |
| Time Period | 711-1492 |
| Capital | Cordoba |
| Rulers | Umayyad Caliphate |
| Achievements | Great Mosque of Cordoba, translations of classical works, advances in science and medicine |
| End of Muslim Rule | 1492 (Reconquista) |
Despite the end of Muslim rule, the legacy of Al-Andalus can still be seen today in the many art, architecture, and cultural achievements of the region.
Further answers can be found here
Al-AndalusAl-Andalus, also called Muslim Spain, Muslim kingdom that occupied much of the Iberian Peninsula from 711 ce until the collapse of the Spanish Umayyad dynasty in the early 11th century.
Al-Andalus, also called Muslim Spain, Muslim kingdom that occupied much of the Iberian Peninsula from 711 ce until the collapse of the Spanish Umayyad dynasty in the early 11th century.
In 711, troops mostly formed by Moors from northern Africa led the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. The Iberian Peninsula then came to be known in Classical Arabic as al-Andalus, which at its peak included most of Septimania and modern-day Spain and Portugal.
Watch a video on the subject
This video discusses the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, which was led by the Umayyad Caliphate and resulted in the establishment of Al-Andalus. The battle at Guadalete in 712, where Tariq Ib Zayid defeated the Visigothic army, was a pivotal moment in the conquest. The Visigothic king’s death left a power vacuum that the Umayyad troops filled, although the Visigoth population was just 1 to 2% of the total population. The father of Tariq ibn Ziyad, Musa ibn Nusayr, also made significant advances in Spain, while some northern areas and sub-Pyrenean valleys remained unconquered. The conquest led to a period of Muslim rule that lasted for several hundred years, with only a few small Christian realms managing to maintain control over the mountainous north of the peninsula.
You will most likely be intrigued
Besides, What country invaded Spain in 711?
The response is: In 711, less than a century after the birth of Islam, an army of Arabs and Berbers serving the Umayyad caliphs of Damascus (in Syria) landed in the Iberian Peninsula, ushering in a new phase of art and culture in the region. Within a period of seven years, most of the peninsula was under Muslim rule.
Herein, What is the new name for Andalus?
The chronicle also says that "Island of al-Andalus" was subsequently renamed "Island of Tarifa". The preliminary conquest force of a few hundred, led by the Berber chief, Tarif abu Zura, seized the first bit of land they encountered after crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in 710.
Also to know is, Who ruled Spain before 711? The conquest
The traditional story is that in the year 711, an oppressed Christian chief, Julian, went to Musa ibn Nusair, the governor of North Africa, with a plea for help against the tyrannical Visigoth ruler of Spain, Roderick.
Why did the Muslims invade Spain in 711? Response: The invasion of Spain was the result both of a Muslim readiness to invade and of a call for assistance by one of the Visigothic factions, the “Witizans.” Having become dispossessed after the death of King Witiza in 710, they appealed to Mūsā for support against the usurper Roderick.
Also to know is, Who captured the Iberian Peninsula in 711? In A.D. 711, a group of North African Muslims led by the Berber general, Tariq ibn-Ziyad, captured the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal). Known as al-Andalus, the territory became a prosperous cultural and economic center where education and the arts and sciences flourished.
Then, What happened during the Muslim conquest of Spain? The response is: The Muslim conquest of Spain [i] was an invasion of the Iberian Peninsula by the Umayyad Caliphate that occurred from approximately 710 to 780. The conquest resulted in the defeat of the Visigothic Kingdom and the establishment of the Umayyad Wilayah of Al-Andalus.
Keeping this in view, What country did the Muslims invade in 711 AD?
In reply to that: The country the Muslims invaded was called Hispania by the Romans and Visigoths and known to the Muslim world as such. Some authors prefer to use the term ‘Iberian Peninsula’ to describe the same territory. Once occupied, Hispania became known as al-Andalus. The Muslim Invasion of Hispania therefore accurately describes the events of 711 AD.
Who conquered Visigothic Spain in 711? The reply will be: In 711 the Berber Tarik invaded and rapidly conquered Visigothic Spain. According to the BBC: “The traditional story is that in the year 711, an oppressed Christian chief, Julian, went to Musa ibn Nusair, the governor of North Africa, with a plea for help against the tyrannical Visigoth ruler of Spain, Roderick.