The US gave up its sovereignty over the Philippines and ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to Spain in the Treaty of Paris of 1898.
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In the Treaty of Paris of 1898, which ended the Spanish-American War, the US gave up its sovereignty over the Philippines and ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to Spain. This marked the beginning of the US as an imperial power.
According to historian James Chace, “The Treaty of Paris represented the emergence of the United States as a world power. For the first time, it had acquired overseas colonies: It had taken control of Puerto Rico and Guam in the Pacific from Spain, and it had purchased the Philippines from the same empire.”
Here are some interesting facts about the Treaty of Paris of 1898:
- The treaty was signed in Paris on December 10, 1898, and went into effect on April 11, 1899.
- The negotiations were controversial, as some Americans opposed taking control of the Philippines.
- The Treaty of Paris marked the end of the Spanish Empire’s presence in the Western Hemisphere.
- Puerto Rico and Guam remain US territories to this day.
- The Philippines gained independence from the US on July 4, 1946, after a period of US control.
- The treaty led to the Philippine-American War, which lasted from 1899 to 1902 and resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of Filipinos.
A table summarizing the US gains and losses in the Treaty of Paris:
|Territory||Status Before Treaty||Status After Treaty|
|Philippines||Spanish colony||US possession|
|Guam||Spanish colony||US possession|
|Puerto Rico||Spanish colony||US possession|
|Cuba||Spanish colony||Granted independence|
In conclusion, the US gave up some of its anti-imperialist ideals and gained new territories in the Treaty of Paris of 1898, which marked a turning point in American history.
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The history of Gibraltar becoming a British territory is explained in this video. After being granted to Britain under the Peace Treaty of Utrecht, Spain attempted twice to retake Gibraltar but failed. Gibraltar became increasingly important for Britain as a naval and sea-route base, which made it difficult for Spain to assert its territorial claims during World War II. Decolonization led to a referendum in Gibraltar, resulting in a vast majority of Gibraltarians voting to remain British, dashing Spain’s hopes of regaining the territory. Despite initial failed attempts to militarily retake the region, it would not have been worth it for Spain to go to war with the British over one tiny territory. Diplomatic opportunities were also shot down by Francisco Franco, and accepting Hitler’s deal would have dragged Spain into armed conflict. Therefore, Gibraltar remains British.
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The treaty was an important diplomatic success for the United States. It resolved territorial disputes between the two countries and granted American ships the right to free navigation of the Mississippi River as well as duty-free transport through the port of New Orleans, then under Spanish control.
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Regarding this, What did the US get in its treaty with Spain? Representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris on December 10, 1898, which established the independence of Cuba, ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and allowed the victorious power to purchase the Philippines Islands from Spain for $20 million.
Just so, What did Spain get from this treaty of peace? The United States will pay to Spain the sum of twenty million dollars ($20,000,000) within three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty.
What was the ultimatum that the US give to Spain? Answer will be: The United States Government issued an ultimatum to the Spanish Government to terminate its presence in Cuba. Spain did not accept the ultimatum in its reply of April 1, 1898.
Subsequently, What did Spain get from Pinckney’s treaty? The answer is: It settled a dispute between the two nations over the boundary of Spanish Florida and granted navigation rights on the Mississippi River to Americans. Spain had long possessed territory along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and all of modern-day Florida.
How did the Treaty of Paris end the Spanish American War? In reply to that: The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
In this way, Why did the United States win the Spanish-American War?
The Cuban movement for independence from Spain in 1895 garnered considerable American support. When the USS Maine sank, the United States believed the tragedy was the result of Spanish sabotage and declared war on Spain. The Spanish-American War lasted only six weeks and resulted in a decisive victory for the United States.
Who negotiated the Florida Treaty? Response: As part of the agreement, the United States obtained the territory of present-day Florida. The treaty was negotiated in Washington, D.C. by the American secretary of state, John Quincy Adams, and the Spanish ambassador to the United States, Luis de Onis.
Why did the United States cede Florida to Spain? It came during the successful Latin American wars of independence against Spain . Florida had become a burden to Spain, which could not afford to send settlers or man garrisons, so Madrid decided to cede the territory to the United States in exchange for settling the boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Spanish Texas.