How were the spanish able to conquer the aztecs?

The Spanish, led by Hernán Cortés, were able to conquer the Aztecs due to a combination of factors, including superior weaponry, alliances with other indigenous groups, and the spread of European diseases.

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The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in the 16th century was a pivotal moment in the history of the Americas. Led by Hernán Cortés, the Spanish military invasion was marked by a combination of factors that ultimately allowed them to triumph over the Aztecs.

One of the key factors was weaponry. The Spanish came equipped with advanced weapons such as guns, swords, and armor, which gave them a significant advantage over the Aztecs. The Aztecs were armed with clubs, bows and arrows, and stone knives, which were no match for the advanced weaponry of the Spanish.

Another factor that contributed to the Spanish victory was the alliances that they forged with other indigenous groups who had grievances against the Aztecs. Cortés was able to form an alliance with the Tlaxcaltecas, a group that had been at war with the Aztecs for years. This provided the Spanish with additional troops and resources, as well as knowledge about Aztec military strategies and weaknesses.

However, one of the most significant factors in the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs was the spread of European diseases. When the Spanish arrived, they unwittingly brought with them diseases such as smallpox, which quickly spread throughout the Aztec population. This devastated the Aztec army, weakened their leaders, and led to widespread chaos and social unrest.

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In addition to these factors, the Spanish were also able to exploit the social and political divisions within Aztec society, which made them vulnerable to outside invasion. The Spanish were able to portray themselves as liberators to many indigenous groups, many of whom saw the Spanish as a better alternative to Aztec rule.

As the historian Hugh Thomas notes, “The Aztec Empire was ultimately brought down not only by an external force, but by internal divisions and shortcomings that made it vulnerable to outside invasion.”

Interesting facts about the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs:

  • Hernán Cortés and his troops first landed on the coast of Mexico in 1519.
  • Montezuma II, the last Aztec emperor, initially welcomed the Spanish as guests but later tried to force them out of the city of Tenochtitlan, which led to a violent conflict.
  • The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs led to the destruction of many priceless artifacts and historical records from Aztec culture.
  • The conquest of the Aztecs was not the first time that the Spanish had defeated indigenous groups in the Americas – they had also conquered the Inca Empire in South America a few years earlier.
  • Some estimates suggest that up to 90% of the indigenous population in Mexico died as a result of the diseases brought by the Spanish.


Factor Description
Weaponry The Spanish had superior weaponry such as guns, swords, and armor.
Indigenous alliances The Spanish formed alliances with indigenous groups who had grievances against the Aztecs.
European diseases The spread of European diseases such as smallpox devastated the Aztec population.
Social and political divisions The Spanish were able to exploit the social and political divisions within Aztec society.
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The video provides a brief overview of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs, led by Hernán Cortés. After forming an alliance with a Totanac chief, Cortés marched to the Aztec capital and eventually conquered it with the help of neighboring states. The Aztec emperor Montezuma II was arrested and later died during a rebellion in the city. Although the Spanish lost many men during their retreat, they were able to regroup and defeat the Aztecs once again. The surviving Aztecs were cast out and forbidden from living in the ashes of their former city, and the Spanish went on to conquer neighboring states and the Maya in the Yucatan Peninsula over the course of 170 years, aided by disease.

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The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.

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Considering this, How did the Spanish conquer the Aztec Empire?
As an answer to this: Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

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Subsequently, What helped the Spanish conquered the Aztecs? Steel swords, muskets, cannons, and horses offered Cortés and his men some advantage over the forces they met and help to account for the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire.

How did the Spanish enslave the Aztecs? Answer will be: As their numbers grew, they launched attacks on settlements surrounding the Aztec capital, on the shores of Lake Texcoco. They took captives to use as servants, slaves and hostages. By May 1521, the Spaniards had cut off the city’s water supply and the surrounding causeways, isolating the city.

How many Spanish did it take to conquer the Aztecs?
Response to this: The Spanish conquistador led an expedition to present-day Mexico, landing in 1519. Although the Spanish forces numbered some 500 men, they managed to capture Aztec Emperor Montezuma II.

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