Your inquiry is — what did New Spain want?

New Spain, as a Spanish colony in the Americas, wanted to expand its territory, acquire wealth through exploitation of natural resources, and spread Christianity through conversion of the indigenous population.

Response to your request in detail

New Spain, as a Spanish colony in the Americas, had several desires and goals. One of their main objectives was to expand their territorial domain and establish a new and prosperous empire. In order to achieve this, the Spanish monarchy relied heavily on the conquest and colonization of different regions, for instance, Mexico, Peru, and parts of present-day Central and South America. They also aimed to exploit the natural resources of their colonies, such as precious metals, crops, and livestock. Lastly, the conversion of the indigenous population to Christianity was viewed as a crucial mission by the Spanish colonizers.

According to a quote from Benjamin Keen, a renowned historian of colonial Latin America, “Spain’s American colonies were born to be plundered.” The Spanish crown and its colonial officials envisioned the colonies as a source of wealth and riches, primarily through the extraction of gold and silver. They established an elaborate mining system that used forced labor, which resulted in the exploitation and suffering of the indigenous people.

Another interesting fact is that the Spanish colonial system had a profound impact on the indigenous population in terms of their cultural practices and beliefs. For instance, the arrival of Spanish missionaries led to the imposition of Catholicism as the only acceptable religion. Moreover, aspects of indigenous culture, such as the use of native languages, were discouraged and replaced with Spanish language and culture.

To summarize, New Spain’s aspirations were primarily of an economic and religious nature, aiming to expand their territory, exploit the natural resources of their colonies, and convert the indigenous population to Catholicism.

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Table:

New Spain’s Goals:

  • Expand territorial domain
  • Exploit natural resources
  • Convert indigenous population to Christianity

Consequences of Spanish Colonization:

  • Exploitation of indigenous people and resources
  • Imposition of Catholicism as the only religion
  • Cultural assimilation and loss of native languages

Video response to your question

The video “An introduction to New Spain” provides insights into the Spanish Viceroyalty established after the conquest of the Americas, with vast natural resources that led to importing gold, silver, and new foodstuffs. Christianity was imposed on the indigenous people, and Christian buildings were constructed on top of former pagan temples, such as the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption in Mexico. New Spain was a vast territory, ranging from Northern California to Central America, and a central point between the Atlantic and Pacific trades. Multiple diverse populations like European, Amerindian, Asian, and enslaved Africans made it an extremely cosmopolitan place, and its art was globally inspired yet unique.

On the Internet, there are additional viewpoints

The Spanish sought wealth in the New World. They had found supplies of gold and silver but needed miners to extract the precious metals. They also established plantations, growing sugar and other crops, and needed farm workers.

In addition, people are interested

What was the goal of New Spain?
In reply to that: Within this territory, the viceroys of New Spain aided in converting the Native population to Christianity, developed an array of educational institutions, and oversaw an economy based almost entirely on mining and ranching.
Why did New Spain want independence?
Answer: The unexpected turn of events in Mexico was prompted by events in Spain. When Spanish liberals overthrew the autocratic rule of Ferdinand VII in 1820, conservatives in New Spain saw political independence as a way to maintain their position.
What was the Spanish goal as they expanded their colony of New Spain?
Throughout the colonial period, the missions Spain established would serve several objectives. The first would be to convert natives to Christianity. The second would be to pacify the areas for colonial purposes.
What was Spain seeking in the New World?
Response to this: Inspired by tales of rivers of gold and timid, malleable native peoples, later Spanish explorers were relentless in their quest for land and gold. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores.
How did Spain build an empire in the New World?
In reply to that: Spain’s mission to build an empire in the New World began with the expeditions of a Genoan seafarer named Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), who convinced the Spanish royalty he could find a western route across the Atlantic Ocean to the Indies (Asia). He sailed west in 1492 and six months later landed on islands in the Caribbean Sea.
What did the Spanish do in the New World?
demanding obedience, labor, and conversion to Christianity of the survivors. The Spanish sought wealth in the New World. They had found supplies of gold and silver but needed miners to extract the precious metals. They also established plantations, growing sugar and other crops, and needed farm workers.
What was New Spain like in 1821?
Answer will be: In 1800, New Spain was the richest region of the Americas, socially diverse, deeply unequal, stabilized by a regime of judicial mediation. The Iguala movement, led by Agustín de Iturbide, in 1821 severed the tie between Spain and New Spain, the bond that had long sustained the power of the Spanish Empire.
What did the Spanish do in the 16th and 17th centuries?
As an answer to this: During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Spanish administration of New Spain centered on the mining of silver, the defense of the colony from other European powers, and the evangelization and assimilation of Native American peoples into the Spanish colonial system.
How did Spain build an empire in the New World?
Spain’s mission to build an empire in the New World began with the expeditions of a Genoan seafarer named Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), who convinced the Spanish royalty he could find a western route across the Atlantic Ocean to the Indies (Asia). He sailed west in 1492 and six months later landed on islands in the Caribbean Sea.
Why did New Spain attract so many colonists?
Response will be: In addition to the earlier, better-known waves of conquistadors and missionaries, New Spain attracted numerous colonists and bureaucrats eager to exploit the mineral wealth of the New World and the labor of its indigenous inhabitants, known in New Spain as indios.
What was New Spain like in 1821?
In reply to that: In 1800, New Spain was the richest region of the Americas, socially diverse, deeply unequal, stabilized by a regime of judicial mediation. The Iguala movement, led by Agustín de Iturbide, in 1821 severed the tie between Spain and New Spain, the bond that had long sustained the power of the Spanish Empire.
What did the Spanish do in the New World?
demanding obedience, labor, and conversion to Christianity of the survivors. The Spanish sought wealth in the New World. They had found supplies of gold and silver but needed miners to extract the precious metals. They also established plantations, growing sugar and other crops, and needed farm workers.

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