No, Spain and New Spain are not the same thing. Spain refers to the European country while New Spain was a Spanish territory in the Americas during the colonial period.
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Spain and New Spain are not the same thing. Spain is a European country located on the Iberian Peninsula, while New Spain was a vast territory in the Americas that was under Spanish rule from 1521 to 1821.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, “New Spain was a territory in the Western Hemisphere that included most of what is now Mexico and Central America, as well as Florida and parts of the West Coast of the United States, including California.” It was the most valuable territory of the Spanish Empire, with rich deposits of silver and other minerals, and it played a significant role in the global economy during the colonial period, serving as a source of wealth for Spain for over 300 years.
One of the most fascinating aspects of New Spain is the impact it had on the cultures of the Americas. The Spanish brought with them their language, religion, and customs, which mixed with the indigenous cultures of the region to create a unique blend of European and Native American traditions. The result was a rich and diverse culture that is still celebrated today.
Another interesting fact is that New Spain was a hub of trade and commerce during its heyday. Silver was the primary export, but the region was also home to a thriving agricultural sector, with crops like sugarcane and coffee being grown and exported throughout the world.
Although New Spain no longer exists as a political entity, its legacy can still be seen throughout the Americas. Many of the region’s largest cities, including Mexico City, were founded during the colonial period, and their architecture and cultural heritage reflect the unique blend of European and indigenous influences that define the region to this day.
In summary, while Spain is a European country, New Spain was a vast territory in the Americas that played a significant role in the global economy during the colonial period. As the Encyclopedia Britannica notes, “New Spain was the first viceroyalty established in the Western Hemisphere and an important component of the Spanish Empire.”
|European country||American territory|
|Located on the Iberian Peninsula||Included most of what is now Mexico and Central America, as well as Florida and parts of the West Coast of the United States|
|No longer a colonial power||A former Spanish colony|
|Current capital: Madrid||former capital: Mexico City|
|Official language: Spanish||Spanish and indigenous languages|
To quote Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes, “in a sense, all of Latin America is New Spain.”
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The territories that became part of the Spanish empire were called New Spain. At its height, New Spain included all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, the lands that today are the southwestern United States and Florida, and much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean Sea).
This video covers the Spanish encomienda system, which allowed Spanish conquistadors to force Native Americans to work in mines or fields in brutal and inhumane conditions without receiving land. Although the Pope prohibited Indian enslavement in 1537, it wasn’t until 15 years later that Dominican priest Bartolome de las Casas published an account of the atrocities committed by Spaniards against Native Americans. This led to Spain reforming its policies and abolishing Native American enslavement in 1542. However, Spanish colonists continued to force indigenous people to work under brutal conditions, and many died from overwork and disease exposure. Spain then imported African slaves to replace the workforce they lost.
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