To become a lawyer in Spain, you need to complete a law degree, pass a state exam to enter the bar association, and complete a two-year apprenticeship. Fluency in Spanish is also required.
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Becoming a lawyer in Spain requires a certain level of dedication, skill, education, and compliance with regulations. Aspiring lawyers must follow several necessary steps to become qualified and licensed to practice law in the country.
Here is a complete guide on how to become a lawyer in Spain:
Earn a Law Degree: The first step in becoming a lawyer is to complete a law degree from an accredited law school in Spain or another approved country.
Pass the State Exam: After completing a law degree, graduates must pass a state exam known as the “Practica Jurídica” exam to gain admission to the bar association in Spain. This exam primarily tests the language and technical skills of aspiring lawyers.
Complete Internship: Once the exam is passed, aspiring lawyers must complete a two-year internship or apprenticeship known as “tutela” with a senior lawyer or law firm.
Join the Bar Association: After completing the internship, aspiring lawyers can join the bar association, which is mandatory for practicing law in Spain.
Professional Development: Once in the profession, lawyers in Spain are required to participate in ongoing professional development.
Fluency in Spanish: Spanish is the official language of Spain and fluency in the language is necessary to practice law in the country.
As a famous Spanish lawyer, Juan Antonio Samaranch once said, “The lawyer is a servant of justice, not a servant of his client.” Lawyers in Spain are trained to uphold ethical standards and strive to deliver justice to their clients.
- The Spanish legal system is based on civil law, which traces its origin to the Roman legal system.
- Spain has a dual court system with both national and regional courts.
- The Supreme Court of Spain is the highest court in the land and serves as the final court of appeal in all legal disputes.
- The Spanish legal system is known for its use of notaries (known as “notarios”) who record legal transactions and provide legal advice.
|1||Earn a Law Degree|
|2||Pass the State Exam|
|4||Join the Bar Association|
|6||Fluency in Spanish|
See a video about the subject.
This video explores the benefits of studying law in Spain, including the high demand for lawyers in both private and public sectors, opportunities for specialization, and competitive salaries which increase with experience. The country is home to universities with high-quality legal education, with a minimum of five years of education required to become a professional lawyer, including one year to obtain a master’s degree in law. Notable universities include the Complutense, Autonomous University of Madrid, University of Navarra, and University of Barcelona.
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To study law in Spain, plan to spend five years studying law, as this is considered the standard length of time a Spanish law degree takes. Upon graduation, Spanish law students must enter a two-year training period. After completing this training, the student must pass the state exam before practicing law.
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