Catholicism was the only accepted religion in Spain for several centuries.
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For several centuries, Catholicism was the only accepted religion in Spain. During the Spanish Inquisition, Jews and Muslims were forced to convert or were expelled from the country. This led to a homogenous population with a singular religious identity.
According to the Spanish Constitution of 1978, Spain is a secular state, but Catholicism still holds a prominent place in Spanish culture and society. Almost 70% of the population identifies as Catholic, although church attendance has declined in recent years.
Famous Spanish writers such as Miguel de Cervantes and Federico Garcia Lorca have incorporated Catholic themes in their works. The Catholic Church also played a significant role in Spain’s history, with many of its buildings and art serving as a testament to its influence.
Here are some interesting facts about Catholicism in Spain:
- The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, located in Galicia, is one of the most visited Catholic pilgrimage sites in the world.
- The Sagrada Familia, a famous unfinished basilica in Barcelona, has been under construction since 1882 and is expected to be completed in 2026.
- Semana Santa, or Holy Week, is a major celebration in Spain with processions, parades, and religious reenactments taking place throughout the country.
- The Camino de Santiago, a famous pilgrimage route leading to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, attracts thousands of visitors each year, many of whom walk hundreds of kilometers to reach the destination.
- The Spanish Inquisition, which lasted from 1478 to 1834, was responsible for the persecution and execution of thousands of Jews and Muslims.
In the words of Spanish philosopher Miguel de Unamuno, “Spaniards are born Catholic, live Catholic, and die Catholic.” While Spain is now a secular country, the influence of Catholicism can still be felt in its people, history, and culture.
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Spain has no official religion, but the Catholic branch of Christianity is the most widely professed religion in the country. As of 2018, 68.5% of the population define themselves as Catholic, 26.4% as non-believers or atheists, and 2.6% other religions. Other religions practised in Spain include Islam, Judaism, Protestantism, and Hinduism. Religious freedom is guaranteed by the Spanish Constitution.
Spain has no official religion. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 abolished the Roman Catholic Church as the official state religion, while recognizing the role it plays in Spanish society. As of 2018, 68.5% of the population define themselves as Catholic, 26.4% as non-believers or atheists, and 2.6% other religions.
The Catholic branch of Christianity is the most widely professed religion in Spain, with high levels of secularization as of 2022. Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Spanish Constitution. The Pew Research Center ranked Spain as the 16th out of 34 European countries in levels of religiosity. 
Religion & Beliefs: Spain is a predominantly Roman Catholic country with approximately 94% of the population affiliated to that religion. During the history of Spain, there have been long periods where different religious groups have coexisted, including Muslims, Jews and Christians.
The predominant religion in Spain is Catholicism. The second largest religion of Spain is Islam due to recent arrivals of African and Middle Eastern refugees. There is also a large portion of Atheists and a small percentage of Jewish people.
Religious freedom is guaranteed by the Spanish Constitution. The religion most practised is Catholicism and this is highlighted by important popular festivals, such as during Holy Week. Other religions practised in Spain are Islam, Judaism, Protestantism and Hinduism, which have their own places of worship that you can find
No, St George’s Anglican Church in Madrid was consecrated in 1925 and there was an Anglican Chaplain in the British Embassy already in 1864. There’s been Protestant churches since the XIXth century, the Evangelical Church of Spain was founded in 1869.
Non-Christian faiths didn’t have a place of worship but were not illegal per se.
However Catholicism was the official religion, non-Catholics were not particularly made to feel welcome and they couldn’t be buried in Catholic cemeteries, which is why British cemeteries were built, not only for the British but for people of other faiths in general (like in other Catholic countries).
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Before the arrival of Christianity, the Iberian Peninsula was home to a multitude of animist and polytheistic practices, including Celtic, Greek, and Roman theologies.
- 2.1 Catholicism.
- 2.2 Eastern Orthodoxy.
- 2.3 Protestantism.
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